Friday, February 10, 2012

Injection Mould Venting System, a little part of design that have big effect on part quality

venting is a small part of the mold design, on the design process also requires a very short time, perhaps only 10% or less of the total time required in designing.sometimes is frequently neglected until molding trials indicate mold inadequacies related to venting. if we understand the purpose and function of vents, it's can assists mold designer to design where clearly additional vents required.

when the cavity space injected by plastic material, automatically empty space on the cavity will be filled with plastic material, the air in the cavity will be shifted to another place, what would happen if the air can not move, the air will experience a high pressure , so the temperature rises even higher, resulting in plastic that fills the cavity will be burning, the defect is called a burn, because of the importance of venting a lot of products that fail due to not properly inject the gas vent, especially for products that have a rib that thin and tall, as compared to thick products.

source : Plastic Today

The main function of the venting is
A. compressed air release
when compressed air is not expelled from the cavity, the plastic flow is inhibited, the result will be formed on a short shot of the product
2. compressed air will produce a gas with high temperature and burn the plastic around it, resulting in a defect burn marks, the product looks like a burn, this will greatly affect the look of the product.
3. when the gas mixed with plastic, the plastic will generate an uneven structure, which will reduce the strength of the product / mold parts produced, stress concentration also common in this region, which occurs due to the plastic notch.

for more detail about effect of adequate of venting on injection mold, please see on picture below

part of venting, can divide on 2 section, land and groove, land is always contact with plastic melt, it's deep about 0.01 mm until 0.02 mm, depend on viscosity of material, relief of vent or gas land is about 1 mm until 2mm, but you must remember for rubber all the number above can't applied, gas vent on rubber material is very special, because rubber has low viscosity.
when designing the gas vent / venting on injection mould, make sure that all of the groove must have exhaust groove that connect to atsmosfer.


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My company is plastic processing company, we have our own moldshop but we need to outsource mold constructions.
If interested, mail me at info @ bema . ba

Best regards
Nedim Sabic

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In modern plumbing, a drain-waste-vent (or DWV) is part of a system that removes sewage and greywater from a building and regulates air pressure in the waste-system pipes, facilitating flow. Waste is produced at fixtures such as toilets, sinks and showers, and exits the fixtures through a trap, a dipped section of pipe that always contains water. All fixtures must contain traps to prevent sewer gases from leaking into the house. Through traps, all fixtures are connected to waste lines, which in turn take the waste to a soil stack, or soil vent pipe. At the building drain system's lowest point, the drain-waste vent is attached, and rises (usually inside a wall) to and out of the roof. Waste is removed from the building through the building drain and taken to a sewage line, which leads to a septic system or a public sewer. Cesspits are generally prohibited in developed areas. Restaurant Software

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I have found so many information about injection mould venting system in this posting.It will more helpful to Mould Maker to design their injection mould vents required.

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That is really good and informative post, it contains good and healthy information about moud venting system. Thank you for sharing it and keep posting more such posts